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Feed-in Payment for Offshore Wind Power


Since April 2000 the feed-in remuneration has been regulated by the EEG. So that economic operation is also possible for offshore wind turbines, since 2004 the law provides special rules for wind turbines at sea. According to the EU guidelines for state aid for environment protection and energy [EU Kommission], as of 2017 wind farms of 6 MW or 6 turbines and more must be subject to a competitive tendering process. So according to § 2 Sec. 3 EEG 2017, in future the »… payments for electricity from renewable sources (must be)… determined through tendering …«. In a transition period until 2020, projects that prior to 1 January 2017 were in receipt of unconditional grid access commitments in accordance with § 118 Section 12 EnWG or capacity allocations in accordance with § 17d of the EnWG and are put into operation before 1 January 2021, are still entitled to EEG remuneration. The 2017 version of the EEG »EEG 2017« of 29. 08. 2016 has already adopted the offshore expansion roadmap of 6500 MW by 2020 and 15 000 MW by 2030 that was set in EEG 2014 (§ 4 EEG). According to this, and offshore wind turbine is a turbine at least three sea miles (c. 5.6 km) from the coast. The latest EEG remuneration rates and the scheduled degressions are shown in the figure below.





Feed-in remuneration for offshore electricity

Data source: [EEG_2017]



The data has not changed compared to the previous year's report [WERD 2017], but it is reproduced here again for information.


The initial remuneration for offshore wind turbines is 15.4 ct / kWh, the basic remuneration 3.9 ct / kWh. From the commissioning of an offshore wind turbine, the EEG stipulates the initial tariff for twelve years. Subsequently, the feed-in tariff is reduced to the basic tariff. Offshore turbines commissioned before 1 January 2021 are remunerated at 15.4 ct / kWh for twelve years and then at 3.9 ct / kWh until the twentieth year of operation. For electricity from offshore wind turbines commissioned in 2018 and 2019, the increased initial tariff is 14.9 ct / kWh. In the case of plants commissioned in 2020, the initial value of the tariff is 14.4 ct / kWh.

All offshore wind turbines that go into operation before 1 January 2020 can apply for an increased initial tariff according to the so-called compression model as an alternative to the regular initial tariff. Here the amount of the remuneration is 19.4 ct / kWh for a period of eight years from commissioning, after which it is reduced to the amount of the basic remuneration (3.90 ct / kWh). For plants that go into operation in 2018 or 2019, the amount of the increased initial tariff is reduced by 1.0 ct / kWh to 18.4 ct / kWh. This "compression model" is intended to reduce the financing risks for offshore investments and uncertainties for creditors by allowing the proceeds from the investments to flow back earlier. In the event of a possible period extension, wind turbines can receive an extended initial tariff of 15.4 ct / kWh after the first eight years of the increased initial tariff over several years and then the basic tariff of 3.9 ct / kWh.