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Deployment Globally

 

In 2014, 443 Farshore turbines and 2 Nearshore turbines with a total capacity of 1589 MW were newly installed at sea (see figure). Farshore describes offshore locations with at least three nautical miles or 5.5 km coastal distance (cf. §5 Para. 36 EEG). Accordingly, a nearshore location is less than 5.5 km from the coast. In the following figures, wind farms are listed as newly installed capacity if they are connected to the grid and can feed electricity into the grid.

 

 

Highcharts Example
Data source for image

 

Data source: [Fraunhofer IEE]

 

 

Europe is currently the leading region in terms of offshore wind energy usage, followed by Asia. In the comparison by country, the United Kingdom is playing the pioneering role, followed by China and Germany.

 

 

Highcharts Example
Data source for image

 

Data source: [Fraunhofer IEE]

 

 

 

In 2018, 3390 MW of offshore wind power were newly commissioned worldwide, 700 MW less than in 2017. The countries with the five highest installation figures in 2018 are: United Kingdom 1310 MW, Germany 975 MW, China 1026 MW, Belgium 309 MW and Denmark 61 MW. By the end of 2018, offshore use had reached a total of 6362 MW in Germany, 18 260 MW in Europe, 3472 MW in Asia and 21 750 MW worldwide. Expansion in the USA has stagnated since 2016, when no further offshore wind farms went into operation following the 30 MW "Block Island" pilot project.

 

 

Highcharts Example
Data source for image

 

Data source: [Fraunhofer IEE]

 

 

When looking at the cumulative global distribution, it can be seen that the waters around the United Kingdom are the most populated, with 8186 MW. This is followed by Germany (6362 MW), China (3559 MW), Denmark (1327 MW), Belgium (1186 MW) and the Netherlands (1120 MW). 

 

Highcharts Example
Data source for image

 

Data source: [Fraunhofer IEE]