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Expansion in German Waters

 

The expansion of offshore wind energy in Germany's coastal seas and in the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) associated with Germany continued in 2018: The offshore wind farms "Borkum Riffgrund 2" and "Merkur Offshore" were built in the North Sea and the "Arkona Becken Südost" wind farm near Rügen in the Baltic Sea. It took until July for the first electricity from newly installed turbines to flow into the grid. By the end of the year, 138 turbines with a total rated output of 975 MW had been commissioned [BNetzA]. In addition, a further 46 offshore wind turbines with a rated output of 276 MW were erected, but no grid feed-in was possible in 2018. In addition, a further 124 foundations have been prepared for the construction of further WTGs [Deutsche WindGuard].

The following two tables show an overview of the offshore wind farms in operation in the German territorial sea and in the German EEZ in chronologically descending order for the North Sea and Baltic Sea after years of commissioning.

 

 

commissioning

name (+)

number

rated power MW

waterdepth [m]

distance from coast [km]

 

2018

 

Borkum Riffgrund 2 (+)

56/ 56

465/ 465

28

54

Merkur Offshore

22/ 66

132/ 396

30

45

2017

Nordergründe

18

110,7

8

17

Nordsee One

54

332,1

28

45

Sandbank (+)

12 / 72

50,4 / 302,4

26

115

Veja Mate

67

402

39

92

2016

Gode Wind 1

55

344,5

30

36

Gode Wind 2

42

263,1

33

41

Sandbank (+)

60 / 72

252 / 302,4

28

117

2015

Amrumbank West (+)

80

302,4

22

61

Borkum Riffgrund 1

78

312

25

39

Butendiek

80

288

19

55

DanTysk (+)

58 / 80

219,2 / 302,4

25

94

Global Tech 1

70 / 80

350

39

110

Meerwind Süd/Ost

15 / 80

54 / 288

23

22

Nodrsee Ost

46 / 48

282,9 / 295,2

25

40

Trianel WP Borkum Phase 1

40

200

30

65

2014

DanTysk (+)

22 / 80

83,2 / 302,4

28

94

Global Tech 1

10 / 80

50

39

110

Meerwind Süd/Ost

65 / 80

234 / 288

24

26

Nordsee Ost

2 / 48

12,3 / 295,2

23

65

Riffgat (+)

30

108

21

22

2013

BARD Offshore

48 / 80

240 / 400

40

100

2012

BARD Offshore

16 / 80

80 / 400

40

100

2011

BARD Offshore

16 / 80

80 / 400

40

100

2010

alpha ventus

12

60

28

56

 

Offshore wind farms in operation according to years of commissioning, in the North Sea (German EEZ, territorial waters, as of Dec 2018). Wind farms marked with (+) have been subject to performance enhancements. These are already taken into account for the specified rated capacity

Data sources:[BNetzA]

 

 

commissioning

name (+)

number

rated power MW

waterdepth [m]

distance from coast [km]

2018

Arkona Becken Südost (+)

60/ 60

378/ 378

24

36

2017

Wikinger

70

350

39

77

2015

EnBW Baltic 2

80

288

35

61

2011

EnBW Baltic 1

21

48,3

18

17

 

Offshore wind farms in operation according to years of commissioning, in the Baltic Sea (German EEZ, territorial waters, as of Dec 2018)

Data sources: [BNetzA]

 


According to § 4 of the EEG 2017, one of the federal government's goals is "...to increase the installed capacity of offshore wind turbines to a) 6500 megawatts in 2020 and b) 15 000 megawatts in 2030" [EEG 2017]. With the 2018 expansion of approx. 6400 MW, the first interim target - 6500 megawatts in 2020 - has almost been reached (see figure). Only" 100 MW of offshore capacity is still missing from the first expansion target, which will be quickly achieved and exceeded with the projects currently under construction.

 

 

 

 

 

Achieved expansion status 2018 (blue), difference to expansion target 2020 (blue hatched)

and current and expansion target 2030